Lake and Watershed Protection
Maintaining high quality water resources is
critical for both human consumption
and to support natural ecosystems. The
majority of Woodstock residents obtain their drinking water from private or
small public onsite wells. In A
Plan of Open Space and Conservation, the Woodstock
Conservation Commission made a series of recommendations designed to protect
water quality in the future, including: establishing aquifer overlay protection
zones, inventorying important aquifer recharge areas, including clear watershed
protection goals in the Plan of Conservation and Development, limiting the
impacts of impervious surfaces in Woodstock, establishing riparian protection
zones, protect in critical areas of public water supply watershed from improper
land uses, classifying wetlands by their functional value, and protecting vernal
Bacteria, nutrients such as phosphates and
nitrates, sediment (soil), toxic substances (e.g., heavy metals, oil and grease,
and pesticides), trash, and airborne pollutants (e.g., acid rain) threaten water
quality. Invasive plants (e.g, purple loosestrife, water chestnut,
Eurasian watermilfoil) can cause great harm to natural ecosystems. You can help
prevent or control pollution of watersheds by paying attention to the following
Do's and Don'ts:
- Follow guidelines for
septic tank maintenance.
- Seed and
mulch bare soil within one week of clearing. Put hay bales down
slope of cleared areas.
- Leave or
plant naturally vegetated areas (buffer strips), and leave/place
rocks along lake shores, streambeds and ditches.
natural topography. Properly shape roads, ditches and driveways to
reduce soil erosion.
organic materials (e.g., compost), and biological or cultural
controls in your landscape.
runoff from driveways, roofs, lawns, etc., from going directly into
lakes/streams. Detain runoff in depressions, or divert flow to flat,
chemicals as a last resort. Seek the least hazardous product to
accomplish the job. Purchase the smallest amounts needed. Follow
directions carefully. Store hazardous materials in a contained
- Pick up
pet wastes and dispose of them in the garbage or toilet.
boating, bring back what you take out.
paint and maintain boats in dry dock.
leaving a lake or river, remove any visible aquatic vegetation
(weeds) from boat, propeller, anchor, lines and trailer and discard
all live aquatic bait in a suitable containers. Empty live
wells and bait buckets.
- If you
move your boat from lake to lake, dry out your boat for at least two
days or wash down hull with tap water before launching again; and
flush engine cooling system, bilge areas and live wells with tap
native or non-invasive exotic plants for water gardens. Buy from a
excessive algae or weed growth in lakes with input from the CT DEP
Lakes Management Program at (860) 424-3716.
- DON'T use excessive amounts of herbicides and
pesticides in gardens or on lawns.
- DON'T apply fertilizer right before it rains.
- DON'T put leaves, branches or other organic matter
into a lake.
- DON'T wash cars near lakes, streams or drainage
- DON'T dump motor oil down a storm drain or on the
ground. Recycle it.
- DON'T allow water to run directly off roads into
lakes or streams.
- DON'T fill or dredge unless necessary. (Permits
- DON'T dispose of paint thinners or chemical products
on the ground.
- DON'T put in excessive impervious surfaces (paving,
etc.). Less than 10% is recommended.
- DON'T throw litter on the ground or down storm
drains. Recycle as much as possible.
- DON'T sweep leftover sand from the road or driveway
into storm drains.
- DON'T dump trash or plastic into water bodies.
- DON'T dump boat sewage into a lake.
- DON'T overfill fuel tanks on boats or pump out oily
- DON'T build water gardens near natural waterways.
- DON'T dispose of aquatic plants (e.g., plants from
aquariums or water gardens) by releasing them into a natural
- DON'T plant purple loosestrife in your garden. No
varieties are sterile.
- DON'T release live aquatic bait into the water.
- DON'T feed waterfowl.
The following links provide more
information about what you, as a homeowner, can do to help protect the quality
of Woodstock's groundwater and surface water.
- NEW REQUIREMENT: As of October 2006, all applicants before a CT municipal Zoning Commission, Planning and Zoning Commission, Zoning Board of Appeals or Inland Wetlands Commission for any project located within a public water supply aquifer or watershed area are required by Public Act No. 06-53 of the CT General Statutes to notify their local Water Company and The Commissioner of Public Health of the proposed project by completing steps described here. You will need to go to the Woodstock Town Hall and look at the Public Water Supply Sources map. For more information about the program and requirements, see CT DPH Source Water Protection.
- Water Conservation
- Water Woes: The Well Has Gone Dry (Our Better Nature)
- Buffer strips for conservation: informaton from
the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
- Controlling pollution: A fact sheet prepared by
the State of Maine on what homeowners can to help protect
- Fact sheets on water pollution, storm water
management, etc. prepared by NEMO
- Reducing runoff: photos, information sheets, case studies and links on designs to help reduce
runoff and nonpoint source pollution by promoting filtration. Especially
helpful for developers and communities affected by the State's Stormwater Phase
- Septic System Information, Do's and Don'ts
- Underground Storage Tank
Information, Do's and Don'ts
- Riparian Do's and Don'ts
- Vernal Pools:what they are, why they should be protected
- Rock snot - a new invasive species - DEP press release in Word or PDF format
- EPA Water Related Links:
References: All information on this website is intended for your general knowledge. You should consult with the appropriate regulatory agencies for specific requirements.
Not all chemicals are bad. Without chemicals such as hydrogen and oxygen, for example,
there would be no way to make water, a vital ingredient in beer.
- Dave Barry